The Ultimate Price that Was Paid

The Vietnam of Apocalypse Now -Final Cut

Home Video due out August 27, 2019

If you have not seen Apocalypse Now I recommend waiting to watch this video clip until after you have read this blog post. Craig

Francis Ford Coppola 40 years ago and today

Apocalypse Now

Is set late 1969; a newspaper headline places the film just before the first grand jury hearing in the Charles Manson murder case.

It depicts the ruinous nature of the U.S. intervention in the Vietnam Civil War, as well as the wholesale Americanization of the battleground via sophisticated technology, show biz, drugs, and rock and roll — not to mention paranoia.

Covert — mission operative Captain Benjamin Willard (Martin Sheen) is charged by General Corman (G.D. Spradlin) and a CIA man (Jerry Ziesmer) to cross into Cambodia to “terminate with extreme prejudice), an insane Special Force colonel, Walter E. Kurtz (Marlon Brando), whose army of Montagnard tribesmen are fighting a war of indiscriminate terror. Traveling up the fictional Nung River in a Navy PBR Patrol Boat River Willard and the Crew-Chief Phillips (Albert Hall), Chef (Frederic Forrest), Lance (Sam Bottoms), Clean (Laurence Fishburne, credited here a “Larry”) — witness or participate in a series of horrendous incidents that mostly represent real events from the war.

Martin Sheen and Cast of Apocalypse Now Final Cut

Apocalypse Now Redux included scenes that the public hadn’t seen before: Willard’s prank theft of Kilgore’s favorite surfboard, which forces the boat crew to hide the PBR under a canopy of foliage. Their layover at an abandoned medevac station, where Chef and Lance fool around with two stranded Playmates, played by Colleen Camp and Cyndi Wood. There is an interlude at a plantation run by members of French colonial family, who appear to be ghosts. Then we hear Kurtz reading to Willard, whom he has captured and caged. Kurtz reads from a propagandist Time magazine article predicting America’s imminent victory in the war.

Final Cut

A chopper gunship attack played to Lt. Colonel Kilgore’s favorite music — The Ride of the Valkyries. The Choppers had to be the most feared sound. Watch the women scramble the kids to safety as their whop whop was heard.

Coppola has cut the medevac sequence for Final Cut. “I felt there was a reason to shoot these bizarre little vignettes because of those little 18-year-old girls,” he said. “I was trying to show their being used to titillate people sexually wasn’t a lot different from those 18-year-old boys, [and] the abuse heaped on them when they’re sent to war. “However, my instinct now tells me that, in the overall continuity of the movie, that scene [doesn’t belong thematically], It’s included as an extra [on the Blue-ray] if people want to see it.

Air Cavalry ‘Air Mobile’ at Sunrise “Surf’s UP”
Hear the Choppers Fear the Choppers

Forty Years Later

Coppola has finally (apparently) put his magnum opus to bed.

Still, the director said, he is unsure how bearing the brunt of Apocalypse Now beleaguered $31.5 million production changed him as a man. “ Every one of my films was traumatic like that”, he said. “In the case of Apocalypse, I was on the hook for the debt, and in those days interest was 25%. I was scared stiff. I had three kids and no family fortune and no one to turn to, and I was pretty much in a dangerous situation. How does a person feel who has survived mere annihilation? I don’t know.”

“Removing the medevac scene was good call; it reads as to sexually exploitive for the #MeToo era.” Coppola also cut Kurtz’s reading from Time, another scene that doesn’t play for modern audiences. “When I made the movie, Time was still a very important and feared news outlet,” Coppola said. “It could take you to task, and then hurt you if it wanted to. So I thought it was important to take [the magazine] to task…But now I don’t consider Time as much of a target.”

The surfboard GOES ON THE BOAT!

The Time Scene

Which showed Kurtz’s rational side, also detracted from the idea that he has become the embodiment of evil. But Final Cut allays the possibility that Willard could similarly be corrupted by power by retaining the scenes in which Willard steals Kilgore’s surfboard, and the French plantation serves as a rest,” Coppola said, “ and if the [journey] going up the river was the same as going back in time, first you go back 40 years, and then after the French plantation, you go back millennium into premedieval times.”

So, somehow I was hoping for a version that most crystallized the movies’ theme…When we did Redux, we just put things back in…We never cut it or shrunk it a little bit, or rebalanced it.”

I love the smell of napalm in the morning — Surf’s UP!

“The way it’s cut now, the [discussion of] all the history and politics [in Vietnam] is in the background while Willard is looking at Roxanne. That brings back some memory of the original Willard we met at the Saigon hotel room, and you realize he has no wife any longer and that he got divorced, and there is some part of him that’s empty. I felt he could feel alive again…and I thought that was useful to know about him.”

During the conversation at the dinner table, Hubert de Marais (Christian Marquand), the leader of the French family, tells Willard, “You Americans are fighting for the biggest nothing in history.” This statement resonates more in the post-Communist ear than it would have in 1979. “It’s absolutely true,” Coppola said. “Even our president, Franklin D. Roosevelt, wanted, if Ho Chi Minh agreed, to help resist the Japanese and defeat the Japanese. He intended Vietnam to be given back to the Vietnamese. It’s only because the British took the surrender of the Japanese that Vietnam was turned over to the French…Essentially, the Vietnamese war was basically fought for nothing. All it did was bring Misery to both the Vietnamese and the Americans…It was absolutely pointless…a war fought for no reason.”

The many faces of Marlon Brando as Kurtz.

Coppola often likens the making of Apocalypse Now — as bringing a massive Hollywood machine to the movie’s Philippine’s location — to the American incursion in Vietnam. During filming, he actually compared himself to Kurtz. “If I didn’t say it, believe me, someone else would have,” he said. “When I made The Godfather, the first thing people said was, “Oh, Coppola’s just like Michael Corleone, cold and Machiavellian. Or, “ he’s just like Kurtz, a megalomaniac.” Or, “just like Preston Tucker [the automobile inventor of Tucker: “The Man and his Dream], a mad entrepreneur.” I was always tarred with the same brush of the character I was featuring in a movie.”

Marlon Brando

Another face of Kurtz, er, Brando
A third face of Kurtz — how many do you count in the movie?

Added to Coppola’s frustration when he joined the cast and crew. Though he’d been perfectly professional while making The Godfather with Coppola, when he arrived in the Philippines to play Kurtz, he wasn’t ready. Production was held up for several days as he and Coppola debated the character.

After two weeks, a despairing Coppola told his cinematographer, Vittorio Storaro, that he might abandon the production altogether. The Brando’s brilliant improvisations, based on his and Coppola’s discussions, began to bear fruit. Coppola now looks back on the actor with affection, “People say he gave me trouble, but he was an extraordinary man who made an extraordinary contribution with his creativity and his genius,” he said. “Sure he came overweight and behaved like a big, spoiled kid- but the fact that I even got to know him in my life is a privilege.”

Dennis Hopper, cast as the crazed American photojournalist who has become Kurtz’ apologist, had meanwhile energized Coppola and his crew-but Hopper, couldn’t or wouldn’t learn his lines, which meant his greeting the PBR at Kurtz’s compound required at least 54 takes.

Dennis Hopper the crazed American photojournalist appears in three scenes in the movie
Dennis Hopper Kurtz apologist
Gunships in attack formation, Sunrise for the Surf & the smell of napalm, Sunset in the Philippines, PBR met by Montagnard tribesman

“The cut of a film is a magical thing”

Francis Ford Coppola has been quoted as saying, “After all, a movie is an illusion, and what makes the illusion come alive could be a matter of maybe taking out six frames in one sequence that might do the trick. I used to tell my kids that in getting a cigarette lighter to work, you might have to change the flint, put in more fluid, pull the wick out, and keep doing little things. So me feeling was that to get Apocalypse Now to light up as an experience for the audience just required some tweaking.

The 80-year-old director has, in fact, removed more than six framers from his hallucinatory Vietnam War Epic, which is returning to theaters on August 19 and on home video on August 27 — in its third incarnation- 40 years after its initial release. The metaphor-laden movie has not only been lavishly restored but significantly trimmed; Final Cut as the latest version is subtitled, is 20 minutes shorter than the 202-minutes of the extended edition, Apocalypse Now Redux that Coppola birthed in 2001.

Martin Sheen

Martin had a serious heart attack while in the Philippines. His son Charlie was brought over to nurse him back to health.

To me Martin Sheen seemed to age on the screen. Examine the pictures on the right and compare to the one on the bottom left.


“When I was asked [by the distributor, Lionsgate] which version I wanted to show this time, I knew I didn’t want to show the [147-minute 1979 version]” Coppola said. “I felt that in my lust to make it shorter and less weird back then, I removed so many important things. When we did Redux, we just put things back in — but I was troubled about showing that version this time, because I really feel that, for many people and even for the theme of the film, it required more time than seemed right to me. I knew I wanted to balance Redux a little better.”


I was in the U.S. Army (actually the Army of the United States, i.e. a draftee — AUS not RA — regular army). I spent one year and nine months and some nits and lice at Fort McClellan AL, Home of the Army Chemical Corps and the WACS )Women’s Army Corps).

Fort McClellan was closed in 1999 due to dioxin contamination (Agent Orange that was to defoliate the jungles in Vietnam). I am still processing a disability claim for that nightmare.

A fascinating scene in the movie when five F105 Phantom jets laid down the napalm so that Lt. Colonel Kilgore could go surfing uninterrupted in Viet Cong territory.

I did a blog post on my website and I copied it to Medium “Blood Money, Keep the Tiny Humans Alive.”

Some research I did for that post:

  1. The post was my reaction to a Facebook friend lamenting that his children had to undergo ‘Active Shooter Drills.” What that must do to our young minds and spirits.
  2. I had an AHA! moment when I was writing the post — how did we ever get the 1% to kill the war instead of young people?
  3. Crystal Clear problem, Crystal Clear solution
  4. I shall let you just read the post if you don’t mind because I found it riveting in light of the movie I rewatch last night. The 1979 version. You can rent it from Vudu for $.90 if you are a new customer and you can keep it for 30 days.
  5. My Framework of the Argument regarded Blood Money and Blood Diamonds. We accepted the fact that we were giving up our rights so that the 1% could make their fortunes. Prior to Reagan in the 1980s- he emasculated the middle class with his huge tax cuts-we continue to grumble unabated still about the Blood Money and the Blood Diamonds. These are not the Blood Diamonds of Sierra Leone but our children and grandchildren!
  6. I quoted Rhett Butler in that blog post. Margaret Mitchell’s Rhett Butler in Gone with the Wind. Rhett told Scarlett “I told you once before that there were two times to making big money, one for the building up of a country and the other in its destruction. Slow money on the upbuilding, fast money in the crackup.”
  7. An aside if you will permit me. I read a piece of news the other day. The Koch Brothers — the arch conservatives have decided that a single-payer health system will save big bucks.
This is on display at the Rubin Museum of Art

8. National Guardsmen killed 4 people at Kent State University on May 4th, 1979. There were 29 Guardsmen who fired 67 bullets, injuring 9 people in addition to the 4 that were killed. Some weren’t even in the protest group. “4 Dead in Ohio” Crosby, Stills, Nash (I’m not sure if Young was part of the group at that time).

9. There were protests all across the country. The biggest was The March on the Pentagon on October 21, 1967 (I was graduated from high school the next spring). 2,500 soldiers (not Guardsmen) faced off against 100,000 protesters. Flower Power was born that day!

10. I believe that the music of those days brought us all together for a common mission. Read the list of songs and artists in blog post. Amazing that so much good music was written in such a short time and is still being played today.

Vietnam Footnotes

11. On January 20,1965, Lyndon Baines Johnson took the oath of office upon the assassination of JFK. He started the major buildup of the War shortly thereafter. In 1964 there were 23,300 American advisors in Vietnam. By 1966 there were 563.000 troops. By 1973 there were 50.

12. Ken Burns and Lynn Novick previewed “The Vietnam War” in Duluth MN at the Train Depot downtown. It was shown on the PBS station on September 10th, 2017.

13. It debuted nationwide on PBS stations on September 17th 2017.

14. I see the ruination of a whole generation of men and women who served when I go to the VA Clinic in Superior. I was there on Monday.

Final Cut The Virgin Suicides


One perfect shot
Hueys in battle formation Final Cut edition
Wallpaper for your computer

Elegy of Apocalypse Now Final Cut August 2019

Post written by Craig Martineau

of another generation but warrior is not who I am or was

but my mind and heart have trouble releasing all of the men and women I sent

to Vietnam from my desk in headquarters building Fort McClellan AL

they are with me almost every day.

a heavy heart never rests!


enjoy this clip on me ;-) and the storyteller. He is truly Magnificent!

The Magnificent Storyteller

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Retired. I write about Current Events, Personal Experiences on Medium, on Blogger with several sites, WordPress, Substack and Gumroad.

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